Installing Oracle10g using Response File on RHEL5

Oracle10g installation using response file would be your solution if the Linux server your installing
is away from you or colocated somewhere, maybe at Amazon Cloud. Here I show you the basic of how
to install Oracle10g to a RHEL5.

Installation requirements:

1. Installing required packages

From the directory Server in CD#2 of RHEL 5:

rpm -Uvh gcc-c++-4.1.1-52.el5.i386.rpm
rpm -Uvh gcc-4.1.1-52.el5.i386.rpm
rpm -Uvh libstdc++-devel-4.1.1-52.el5.i386.rpm
rpm -Uvh glibc-devel-2.5-12.i386.rpm
rpm -Uvh glibc-headers-2.5-12.i386.rpm
libgrpm -Uvh omp-4.1.1-52.el5.i386.rpm
rpm -Uvh libXp-1.0.0-8.i386.rpm
rpm -Uvh compat-libstdc++-296-2.96-138.i386.rpm

rpm -Uvh setarch-*
rpm -Uvh compat-libstdc++-33*
rpm -Uvh compat-libf2c-34-*
rpm -Uvh compat-gcc-34-*
rpm -Uvh libaio-*
rpm -Uvh compat-gcc-34-c++-*
rpm -Uvh compat-libstdc++-296*
rpm -Uvh compat-libgcc-296*

From the directory Server in CD#3 of RHEL 5:

# rpm -ivh compat-db-4.2.52-5.1.i386.rpm

2. Setting the kernel parameters by adding the ff. lines to your /etc/sysctl

kernel.shmmni = 4096
kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128
fs.file-max = 65536
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 1024 65000
net.core.rmem_default = 1048576
net.core.rmem_max = 1048576
net.core.wmem_default = 262144
net.core.wmem_max = 262144

One way to do this is typing on your shell prompt:
# cat << EOF > /etc/sysctl.conf
(copy the lines above and press control-D)

OR you can use any text editor to edit this file.

Change to new kernel setting by running the command
# sysctl -p

3. Create Oracle user and groups

# groupadd oinstall
# groupadd dba
# useradd -g oinstall -G dba oracle
# passwd oracle

4. Create the required directories for Oracle

# mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle
# chown -R oracle:oinstall /u01

5. Set the session limits for Oracle user

Add the following lines to the /etc/security/limits.conf file
oracle soft nproc 2047
oracle hard nproc 16384
oracle soft nofile 1024
oracle hard nofile 65536

Add the following line in the /etc/pam.d/login file
session required

Add the following lines to the /etc/profile.
if [ $USER = “oracle” ]; then
if [ $SHELL = “/bin/ksh” ]; then
ulimit -p 16384
ulimit -n 65536
ulimit -u 16384 -n 65536

6. Configure the Oracle user’s environment

Edit /etc/profile as a root user:

export ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle
export ORACLE_SID=orcl

7. Running to allow RHEL5 OS for installation.
a. Copy /etc/redhat-release to /etc/redhat-release.old
b. Edit /etc/redhat-release using your text editor.
c. Replace the first line with:
Red Hat Enterprise Linux AS release 4 (Nahant)

Note: Dont forget to rename redhat-release.old back redhat-release after oracle installation.

8. Edit your reponse file found at database/response
Edit your oracle sid, passwords. and other settings.

9. Run the installer, login as oracle user:
./runInstaller -responseFile /home/oracle/enter.rsp -silent

At the end, you will be ask to run two scripts as root user. And finally you will be ready to start your Oracle server, installing is done without a need for GUI. 🙂

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